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Paediatric Surgeon

This is a sub-specialty of surgery that involves diseases and conditions in fetuses, infants, children and adolescents that require surgical intervention. Pediatric surgeons diagnose, treat and manage the surgical needs of children. From minor endoscopic procedures to major and complex procedures such as repairing birth defects and separating conjoined twins.

Pediatric surgeons take care of children from the newborn period through the teenage years. While specialization among adult surgeons usually focuses on a particular organ or region of the body, pediatric surgery is the subspecialty that deals with a defined age group.Pediatric surgeons are trained to operate anywhere from the neck to the pelvic region.

Over View

If your child has an illness, injury, or disease that requires surgery, a pediatric surgeon has the experience and qualifications to treat your child.

Who is a pediatric surgeon?

This is a medical doctor who has specialized in diseases and disorders affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents. They have special expertise and are uniquely equipped to treat children.

Pediatric surgeons know how to ask children medical questions in a way that does not intimidate them. They are patient, friendly and interactive. In addition, they decorate their offices and operating rooms with reading materials, videos and wall cartoons. The equipment used is specially designed for use by children.

Surgical problems seen by pediatric surgeons are often quite different from those commonly seen by adult or general surgeons. Special training in pediatric surgery is important.

What Kind of Training Do Pediatric Surgeons Have?

Who is a pediatric surgeon?,What Kind of Training Do Pediatric Surgeons Have?

Pediatric surgeons are medical doctors who have had

  • At least 4 years of medical school
  • Five additional years of general surgery
  • Two additional years of residency training in pediatric surgery

Training

Pediatric surgeons are medical doctors who have had at least 4 years of medical school, 5 years of general surgery and at least 2 years of residency in pediatric surgery.

Sub Specialties of pediatric surgery

Pediatric surgery can further be subdivided into subspecialties namely neonatal surgery and fetal surgery.

Other surgical specialties also have pediatric subspecialties which require the doctors to undertake additional training.

Pediatric surgeons treat children from the newborn stage through late adolescence. They choose to make pediatric care the core of their medical practice, and the unique nature of medical and surgical care of children is learned from advanced training and experience in practice.

What Types of Treatments Do Pediatric Surgeons Provide?

Pediatric surgeons diagnose, treat, and manage children's surgical needs including:

  • Surgery for abnormalities of the groin in childhood and adolescence which include undescended testes, hernias, hydroceles and varicoceles
  • Surgical repair of birth defects
  • Serious injuries that require surgery (for example, liver lacerations, knife wounds, or gun shot wounds)
  • Diagnosis and surgical care of tumors
  • Transplantation operations
  • Endoscopic procedures (bronchoscopy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy)
  • All other surgical procedures for children

Where Can I Find A Pediatric Surgeon?

Pediatric surgeons practice in a variety of medical institutions including children's hospitals, university medical, centers, and large community hospitals.

Pediatric Surgeons - The Best Care For Children

Children are not just small adults. They cannot always say what is bothering them. They cannot always answer medical questions, and are not always able to be patient and helpful during a medical examination. Pediatric surgeons know how to examine and treat children in a way that makes them relaxed and cooperative. In addition, pediatric surgeons use equipment and facilities specifically designed for children. Most pediatric surgical offices are arranged and decorated with children in mind. This includes the examination rooms and waiting rooms, which may have toys, videos, and reading materials for children. This helps create a comfortable and nonthreatening environment for your child.

If your pediatrician suggests that your child see a pediatric surgeon, you can be assured that he or she has the widest range of treatment options, the most extensive and complete training, and the greatest expertise in dealing with children and in treating surgical disorders.

  • Pediatric cardiothoracic: surgery on the child's heart and lungs, which include heart and/or lung transplantation
  • Pediatric neurosurgery: surgery on the child's brain, spinal cord, central nervous system and peripheral nerves.
  • Pediatric orthopedic surgery: surgery on the child's muscles and bones
  • Pediatric nephrological surgery: surgery on the child's kidneys and ureters. This includes kidney transplantation
  • Pediatric urological surgery: surgery on the child's urinary bladder and other structures below the kidney
  • Pediatric plastic and reconstructive surgery: surgery on the child due to burns or congenital defects like cleft palate that does not involve the major organs
  • Pediatric oncological surgery: surgery on the child to treat or manage cancer
  • Pediatric hepatological and gastrointestinal surgery: surgery on the liver, stomach, and intestines which include liver and intestinal transplantation

Conditions treated through pediatric surgery include:

  • Hirschsprung's disease
  • Meconium ileus
  • Imperforate anus
  • Achalasia
  • Ambiguous genitalia
  • Appendicitis
  • Congenital malformations
  • Cleft lip and palate
  • Bilary dyskinesia
  • Esophageal atresia and transoesophageal fistula
  • Annular pancreas
  • Bilary atresia
  • Pancreatic cysts
  • Pancreatitis
  • Torsion of testicular appendix
  • Breasts problems
  • Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
  • Mediastinal cysts
  • Chest wall deformities
  • Lymphangioma
  • Choledochal cysts
  • Conjoined twins
  • Torticollis
  • Cystic hygroma
  • Empyema
  • Short bowel syndrome
  • Umbilical hernia
  • Meckel's diverticulum
  • Pyloric stenosis
  • Epididymitis and orchitis
  • Thyroiditis
  • Gastroesophageal reflux
  • Cholecystitis acalculous
  • Pancreas divisum
  • Cholelithiasis (gallstones)
  • Parathyroid
  • Gastrointestinal foreign bodies and bezoars
  • Thyroid nodules
  • Hepatoblastoma
  • Hyperinsulinism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Inguinal hernia
  • Umbilical polyps
  • Intussusceptions
  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
  • Undescended testis
  • Lung lesions
  • Branchial cysts, sinuses, and remnants
  • Malrotation and volvulus
  • Anorectal malformations
  • Small left colon syndrome
  • Neck abnormalities
  • Perirectal abscess
  • Omphalocele
  • Pancreas tumors
  • Pectus carinatum
  • Nectrotizing enterocolitis
  • Pectus excavatum
  • Pediatric cancer
  • Spleen problems
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Testicular torsion
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Wilm's tumor

Minimally invasive procedures include:

  • Bowel reconnection
  • Repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia
  • Lymph node biopsy
  • Central venous line/port removal
  • Circumcision
  • Lumps and bumps
  • Labial adhesions
  • Repair of omphalocele
  • Repair of gastroschisis
  • Colostomy
  • Percutaneous liver biopsy
  • Fundoplication
  • Cholecystectom
  • Pediatric obesity surgery
  • Repair of esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula
  • Splenectomy
  • Ileostomy pouch

Source: https://www.health-tourism.com/pediatric-surgery/india/

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